Syllabus links



A student:

  • explains processes and influences that form and transform places and environments (GE5-2)

  • analyses the effect of interactions and connections between people, places and environments (GE5-3)

  • assesses management strategies for places and environments for their sustainability (GE5-5)

  • acquires and processes geographical information by selecting and using appropriate and relevant geographical tools for inquiry (GE5-7)

  • communicates geographical information to a range of audiences using a variety of strategies (GE5-8)

Related Life Skills outcomes:


Key inquiry Questions

  • Why has the world become more urbanised?

  • How does migration impact on the concentration of people into urban places?

  • How does urbanisation change environments and places?

  • What strategies are used to manage environmental change in urban places to enhance sustainability?


Urban settlement patterns


  • investigate differences in urban settlement patterns between Australia and another country, for example: (ACHGK055)

    • examination of urban settlements to determine patterns of concentration

    • explanation of factors influencing urban concentration eg climate and topography, transportation networks, land use or perceptions of liveability

    • assessment of the consequences of urban concentrations on the characteristics, liveability and sustainability of places

Australia’s urban future


  • investigate the management and planning of Australia’s urban future, for example: (ACHGK059)

    • description of Australia’s projected population growth

    • discussion of the implication of population forecasts for the future growth and sustainability of urban places

    • explanation of strategies used to create economically, socially and environmentally sustainable urban places

    • proposal of ways for individuals and communities to contribute to a sustainable urban future

Stage 6 – Focus Area 8.3.2: Urban Places


  • H1 explains the changing nature, spatial patterns and interaction of ecosystems, urban places and economic activity

  • H3 analyses contemporary urban dynamics and applies them in specific contexts

  • H5 evaluates environmental management strategies in terms of ecological sustainability

  • H6 evaluates the impacts of, and responses of people to, environmental change

  • H12 explains geographical patterns, processes and future trends through appropriate case studies and illustrative examples

  • H13 communicates complex geographical information, ideas and issues effectively, using appropriate written and/or oral, cartographic and graphic forms.

Students learn about:

  • urban dynamics

    • the urban dynamics of change: suburbanisation, exurbanisation, counter urbanisation, decentralisation, consolidation, urban decay, urban renewal, urban village, spatial exclusion

    • case study showing one of the urban dynamics listed above, operating in a country town or suburb.

Students learn to use geographical skills and tools such as:

  • describing patterns, linkages, networks and change, using maps of large cities and other urban areas

  • constructing and interpreting choropleth maps

  • synthesising and evaluating fieldwork data about the dynamics of change in a country town or suburb

  • interpreting trends from logarithmic graphs

Extract from Geography K–10 syllabus, 2015 and Geography Stage 6 syllabus, June 2009, © Board of Studies, NSW.